Making a presentation can be a frightening task. It is perhaps even more worrying if the presentation is not in your native language. You can use the English words for what you mean forget. Or, like many people, you nervous.
But the good news is that there are many tools you can use. Learning these tools can help you make a confident and effective presenter – even in English!
Anna Uhl Chamot, a retired professor at George Washington University, has developed a medium of language-of-instruction learners. Called Calla, the method explains how to use learning strategies to understand academic language and content. Learning strategies are thoughts and actions that help people learn better, or effectively complete tasks.
CALLA stands for Cognitive Approach to Academic Language Learning. Consider these strategies and the tools that will make presentations easier and more enjoyable – the presenter and the audience.
Most CALLA strategies are useful for giving a presentation in the second language. Chamot but said three are particularly useful: planning, monitoring and self-assessment.
Let’s start planning.
Learning Strategy “Planning”
Planning involves everything you do to prepare and act to give your presentation.So decide what your main ideas and take notes of the points you want to make. Chamot stressed that having a good understanding of the subject is very important. This idea allows you to speak effortlessly and confidently about your topic during your presentation.
After ruling on the main ideas and notes, some people even like to write every word they say.
“I know a lot of students, and I mean not only students of English, but people in general even native speakers feel they want to write what they say goes. It gives them some comfort. ”
If you do this, Chamot says, once you are satisfied with the text, then it is time for these words to be very, reduce very short notes.
During the planning period, you can also prepare your visuals, such as PowerPoint, Prezi or another program.
Chamot recommends that each visual, but a few balls of your points and very few words on it.
Or, even better if you only have pictures or easy to see graphics and not words. For example, if you give a presentation on things to do during the summer in Washington, DC, your visual is a picture of something exciting happening in this season:
The next step in the practice of planning. Chamot says that exercise is the most important step because it will help you remember points representing short sentences on your visuals.
Practice say what you mean on each visual. The more you all mean in words, the easier it will be to speak with ease on the points.
Exercise will also help you avoid doing two things: read your notes or memorize a part of your presentation.
When you practice, do it in front of another person or a few people. Even your electronic devices can help, says Chamot.
“Use to look at a friend or family member as your audience and / or practice in front of a mirror for you and put your smartphone on and take you. Then you get what you really seem to listen to. ”
And, if you exercise, visualize in front of a real audience.
“Imagine in your mind the audience, all those faces and expressions and imagine that they are for you. ”
Chamot recommends a tactic that can quickly get an interested audience and helps to reduce nervous feeling, ask your audience an issue.
For example, if your topic is summer activities in Washington, DC, you may require, ask, “How many of you have ever gone to an outdoor concert in Washington, DC? ”
Asking a question also makes a presentation more like a two-way conversation and less like a lecture.
If you spend time preparing and practicing, you get confidence and comfort and you will feel less concerned about the day of presentation.
The following strategy is followed. Monitoring looks, listens, or verifies something for a specific purpose over a period of time.You have to check yourself in two different points: during your workouts and during the actual presentation.
To follow up during the training, Chamot said to make a list of questions to ask.
“Here are some examples:” Did I say my subject and goals at the beginning “” Do I pro
“One of the most important things to check is:” Am I nervous? ” “What can I do?” One thing about control is that if you monitor your performance, you encounter problems and leave you? A chance to try to solve these problems “.
Says Chamot, when you realize that you are nervous, using a good learning strategy is soliloquy: saying that you are mentally going to do well.
“Like, I have worked very hard on this. I know my PowerPoint looks good. I will take a deep breath. And I practice a lot. I know I can. «»
And, if you have forgotten the English words during your presentation, you can use the strategy called exchange: the choice of different words to mean what you mean.
Other questions to keep in mind while you are giving your presentation: “I’m talking too fast or too slow”, “Am I looking for my audience” “Am I a smile every now and then?”
Learning Strategy “Self-Assessment”
This brings us to ourselves, to learn our third strategy.
In self-assessment, you examine how you did. The main difference between monitoring and self-evaluation when it happens. The self-assessment will take place after each workout and after your actual presentation.
Chamot suggests making a list of questions for these two evaluations. Car after your practice sessions, including questions such as: ??? “Do I look at the audience enough” “How much do I need to practice” and “How did I do well”
And because, after the actual presentation, ask yourself, “What have I done?” “And” What do I need to improve? ” ”
The CALLA method says understanding which strategies work well is important to you. This is especially true when you once have done something to get this right. These strategies have helped you to do well are the ones you want to use again.
Making a presentation in the second language can indeed be frightening. But, if you have a good understanding of the subject and use of these practical tools, it will be easier and easier to talk to the public!